Thousands of Feds Still Await Back Pay After Shutdown

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Despite efforts to ensure that federal workers impacted by the 35-day partial government shutdown received back pay as quickly as possible, an official at the government’s largest payroll processor confirmed Thursday that “thousands” of employees at the Homeland Security Department are still waiting for their first paycheck of the year.

And employees at other agencies say they still are missing a significant chunk of what they were owed and it is unclear when they will be made whole.

An official at the National Finance Center, which is housed within the Agriculture Department and provides payroll services to more than 130 agencies across the federal government, confirmed Thursday that processing back pay has been “a big issue throughout all of DHS.” Due to an error related to “adjustments of pay,” HR employees have been working overtime since the government reopened to fix each employee’s pay manually.

“This was departmentwide for DHS, and there are thousands of individual, manual payments they’ve had to do,” the official said. “It’s crazy over there.”

The National Finance Center official said all Homeland Security employees still awaiting back pay should see their back pay sometime between today and Feb. 12 as essentially “three pay checks in a single deposit.”

Acting Office of Personnel Management Director Margaret Weichert touted the administration’s efforts to secure back pay in a tweet last week, suggesting that employees were “getting paid in record time” and that most employees “will be paid by [Jan. 31].” A senior administration official told Government Executive that although the vast majority of the 800,000 employees either furloughed or working without pay during the shutdown have received all of their back pay, officials were committed to ensuring remaining workers are made whole as swiftly as possible.

“The administration took unprecedented steps to ensure federal employees impacted by the shutdown received back pay within a week and before the end of the month,” the official said. “The challenges of executing a mid-cycle paycheck in record time led to a modest number of exceptions, but the vast majority of affected employees welcomed their back pay on or before January 31, rather than waiting until their next scheduled pay day of February 8.”

Officials with the American Federation of Government Employees said there also have been a number of issues surrounding back pay payments from the Interior Business Center, a payroll processor within the Interior Department that services a variety of federal agencies. In addition to incomplete payments, those paychecks have not been reflected in agency HR portals, and a number of important payroll deductions were not taken out of the payments.

A National Finance Center official confirmed that it also did not take out deductions like court-ordered payments or union dues.

“On the back pay issue, we’ve got people here [at the National Science Foundation] who are still missing between 25 and 33 percent of our pay,” said David Verardo, president of AFGE Local 3403, which represents around 1,000 NSF employees. “This is from the Interior Business Center—that’s who handles our payroll—and a whole lot of deductions weren’t taken out, including child support, alimony and, of course, union dues. The agency has told us that we have to just deal directly with those creditors. I don’t know how that works, but it seems like it involves law enforcement and the courts, so we’re bracing for some difficult times.”

The issue appears to be widespread. Officials at the Federal Railroad Administration also reported that they haven’t received all of their back pay yet, and employees at the National Archives and Records Administration also experienced issues where various deductions, from child support and alimony payments to Thrift Savings Plan loan repayments and union dues, were not taken out of their paychecks.

A post on the Interior Business Center’s website confirms that it only took “required deductions” out of back pay payments, such as taxes, insurance premiums and federal retirement program contributions.

“For other deductions, it depends on the type of deduction as to how retroactive payments will be made,” the payroll processor wrote. “In general, voluntary allotments such as Combined Federal Campaign and allotments to financial institutions will not be deducted from back pay. Another example is court-ordered payments, which may have required employees to continue to make payments via personal checks while in non-pay status.”

In a statement, the Interior Business Center said it is aware of issues surrounding missing payroll deductions, and will provide additional information to agencies “as it becomes available.” Additionally, a spokesperson said all outstanding back pay should reach employees in their next pay check, which is due to go out by Feb. 12.

“The overwhelming majority of employees received their pay on or by Jan. 31, 2019,” a spokesperson said. “The small group of employees affected (those who have not received their back pay in full) due to issues such as personnel status or data entry will receive a full interim payment in the upcoming pay cycle.”

TSP Proposes New Shutdown Loan Rules, OPM Considers Health Care Portal, and More

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Officials with the agency that administers the federal government’s 401(k)-style retirement savings program published an interim rule Tuesday that would ensure federal employees impacted by a government shutdown can take out loans on their Thrift Savings Plan accounts regardless of how long the lapse in appropriations is expected to last.

Posted in the Federal Register by the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board, which governs the TSP, the rule narrowly applies to federal workers who are either furloughed or forced to work without pay during a lapse in appropriations. Before this week, any employee in a “non-pay status” was eligible to take out a loan, so long as that status was expected to last less than 30 days.

As a result, there was uncertainty regarding whether employees at unfunded agencies could apply for TSP loans during the 35-day partial government shutdown, especially as it stretched into the third and fourth week. Earlier this month, TSP officials reported that they saw a 5 percent increase in the issuance of TSP loans during the lapse in appropriations, compared to a 26 percent increase in withdrawals, a more onerous process that forces participants to incur a 10 percent tax penalty and stop contributing to their accounts for six months.

In the rule filing, officials said they took great pains in order to come up with a way to implement the rule immediately.

“This interim rule applies only to participants who are furloughed or excepted from furlough (i.e., continuing to work and earn pay, but their pay is delayed until appropriations are authorized) due to a government shutdown,” the rule stated. “The FRTIB’s staff and contractors have designed manual workarounds to highly automated business processes in order to make this interim rule effective immediately so these participants will have access [to] TSP loans in the event of another government shutdown.”

Additionally, the rule allows TSP participants to request a suspension of their loan payments in the event of a shutdown to avoid the potential that they could default. And the agency is reexamining how it handles TSP loan applications from federal employees in other forms of non-pay status.

“Participants who are not receiving pay for other reasons (e.g., administrative furlough, voluntary leave of absence, seasonal work, sabbatical, disciplinary suspension) remain ineligible to request a loan,” the rule stated. “The FRTIB is considering whether to allow these participants to request loans in non-pay status and will address this subject in the final rule.”

Meanwhile, the Office of Personnel Management is thinking about a new way to help federal workers decide which insurance plan to enroll in as part of the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program. Meritalk reported Monday that the agency has issued a Request for Information seeking vendors to develop a “one-stop shop” portal for employees to compare and then enroll in health care plans.

Although OPM currently offers the ability to compare different FEHB plans on its website, the enrollment process and other customer service functions are largely decentralized across a multitude of agencies’ HR departments.

Among the functions OPM hopes to include in the portal are enrollment and decision-making support, enrollment processing, as well as enrollment and premium reconciliation and data collection and reporting. Responses to the request are due March 11.

On Tuesday, OPM announced that it is extending the deadline for the Combined Federal Campaign, the federal government’s annual charity giving effort, until Feb. 22.

The campaign was disrupted by the partial government shutdown, as donations are primarily made by way of payroll deductions. As a result, many payroll offices at unfunded agencies were not open to receive or process CFC pledges. Additionally, federal workers impacted by the shutdown would have been unlikely to make charity donations without knowing when they would next receive a pay check.

Although the deadline for making donations through the campaign was delayed, OPM said in a press release that money still will begin being disbursed to charities on April 1 as originally scheduled.

We also have other alternatives to where you don’t need to take a loan from your TSP to consider. Going six months without contributions is a tough penalty. Learn more by contacting us soon.

Congress Looks For New Ways to Pay Federal Employees

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Many of the 800,000 federal workers on furlough or working without pay during the now-month-long shutdown will miss their second paycheck on Jan. 25.

Some members of Congress are offering bills to reduce the financial impact of the shutdown on feds, even as the White House and Democratic lawmakers remain at odds over funding and reopening the government.

Rep. Anthony Brown (D-Md.) is pushing a bill that would permit the more than 400,000 federal employees working without pay — including FBI agents and airport security screeners — to collect unemployment benefits.

The Labor Department recently affirmed its policy of not permitting working people from collecting unemployment, even though they are not being paid.

“If Trump is going to continue to hold federal employees hostage, then we will ensure they yare provided for during the shutdown,” Brown said on Twitter.

Rep. Peter Welch (D-Vt.) wants to keep paying feds who work during a shutdown.

“It defies common sense and anyone’s definition of fairness to require federal employees to work without pay,” Welch said in a statement. His bill would apply to future shutdowns as well.

Rep. Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-D.C.) is offering a bill to give back pay to contractors in custodial, retail, food service, security and other typically low-wage jobs supporting federal activities.

Rep. Bob Gibbs (R-Ohio) offered a bill to pay employees required to work, as a one-off appropriation for the current shutdown. His bill attracted 23 co-sponsors – all Republicans. Other members have offered similar legislation.

Many feds are dipping into their retirement funds for cash during the shutdown. Rep. Pete Olson (R-Texas) wants to let them do so without incurring any penalty.

Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, meanwhile, said in an interview on CNBC’s Squawk Box that feds should look to their banks for assistance.

Asked about feds resorting to food banks because of missed paychecks, Ross said, “I know they are and I don’t really quite understand why, because I mentioned before, the obligations that they would undertake — say borrowing from a bank or a credit union — are in effect federally guaranteed, so that the 30 days of pay that some people will be out, there’s no real reason why they shouldn’t be able to get a loan against it, and we’ve seen a number of ads from financial institutions doing that.”

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi dismissed Ross’s comments.

“Is this a ‘let them eat cake’ kind of attitude? Or call your father for money?” Pelosi asked in her weekly press conference. “Or this is character building for you it’s all going to end up very well just so long as you don’t get your paychecks… I don’t quite understand why as hundreds of thousands of men and women are about to miss a second paycheck tomorrow.”

Plan to Pay Excepted Feds Immediately Gains Momentum

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With just days remaining until federal employees at unfunded agencies miss their second straight pay check, an idea to compensate at least some of them promptly appears to be gaining traction on Capitol Hill.

Two weeks ago, Sens. Ron Johnson, R-Wis., and Susan Collins, R-Maine, introduced the Shutdown Fairness Act (S. 113), which would make sure federal workers at unfunded agencies who are currently working without pay will get their pay checks on time, instead of after the government reopens. The measure would not compensate furloughed employees, although last week President Trump signed legislation to provide them with back pay after agencies reopen.

“All employees required to work during the shutdown to perform national security and other critical functions should receive paychecks on a current basis,” Collins said in a statement. “It is not fair to force employees to work and not pay them. Hundreds of thousands of federal employees and their families are being harmed by the partial government shutdown, and I am continuing to work with my colleagues and the White House to bring it to an end as quickly as possible.”

Jan. 18 marked the end of the second full pay period of the government shutdown. If Congress cannot reach an agreement on how to fund the government this week, roughly 800,000 employees, of which at least 420,000 are working without pay, will miss their second straight pay check.

Although the bill was introduced with four other Republican cosponsors, that tally had grown to 20 by Tuesday. And although he is not yet an official sponsor, Sen. Mark Warner, D-Va., threw his support behind the idea in multiple news interviews.

“The fact is, since we have already agreed to pay them when we reopen, why shouldn’t we at least go ahead and, even if we are shut down, pay these federal workers come Thursday, so they don’t have to incur additional pain and suffering?” Warner said Friday.

Warner repeated that sentiment on “Meet the Press” on Sunday. And on Tuesday, Warner introduced the Stop Shutdowns Transferring Unnecessary Pain and Inflicting Damage in the Coming Years Act, an effort to prevent future government shutdowns, similar to legislation introduced by Sen. James Lankford, R-Okla., and others last week.

Lankford’s bill would institute an automatic continuing resolution at existing spending levels in the event that Congress fails to approve an appropriations package, although the approved spending would decrease by 1 percent after 90 days, and an extra 1 percent for each 30 days thereafter. But Warner’s bill would maintain existing spending levels for all unfunded agencies, and end appropriations for Congress, its associated agencies and offices, and for the Executive Office of the President.

“The Stop STUPIDITY Act takes the aggressive but necessary step of forcing the president and Congress to do the jobs they were elected to do,” Warner said in a statement. “It is disturbing that the daily lives of hundreds of thousands of workers are at the mercy of dysfunction in Washington.”

Labor Dept. Denies Request That Excepted Feds Be Eligible for Unemployment

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Labor Secretary Alex Acosta has rejected an effort by District of Columbia Mayor Muriel Bowser to allow federal employees working without pay during the partial government shutdown to be eligible for unemployment benefits while agencies remain shuttered.

On Monday, Bowser sent a letter to Acosta requesting the change in policy. Currently, furloughed federal workers and idle contractors in a number of states can apply for unemployment, although they are expected to return the money when they return to work and Congress has approved back pay. But excepted employees, whose pay is guaranteed once the government reopens, cannot apply for unemployment.

In the letter, Bowser said it is unfair that employees working without pay are effectively in worse financial straits despite arguably sacrificing more during a shutdown.

“These federal workers are providing the nation and our region with vital services such as public safety,” she wrote. “Without a steady paycheck or unemployment benefits, hardworking federal workers and their families are forced to make difficult decisions: pay the mortgage or buy groceries; pay for a doctor’s appointment or pay to keep the lights on. These are decisions no one should have to make.”

But on Thursday, Bowser reported that her request was denied and decried the decision. She noted that in Washington, D.C., alone, more than 7,500 furloughed federal workers and contractors had already filed for unemployment. That number increases to roughly 9,000 federal workers, not including contractors, in the D.C. metro area.

“Federal workers and their families continue to pay the highest price for this unnecessary and unprecedented shutdown,” Bowser said in a statement. “It is unconscionable for the Trump administration to acknowledge that these individuals are working without pay and with no end in sight, but will not make the smallest effort to help them by allowing states to offer unemployment insurance benefits.”

The line between federal workers who are furloughed and excepted is shifting, as agencies like the IRS recall significant numbers of workers to restore services despite the lapse in appropriations. Observers have been vocal in questioning the legality of such decisions, and the constantly loosening interpretation of what constitutes the protection of life and property is the subject of a lawsuit by the National Treasury Employees Union.

Friday marked the end of the second full pay period of the shutdown, which is in its 28th day. Agencies will be required to send out new furlough notices next week, as the shutdown passes the 30-day mark. If a deal to reopen the government is not reached by Tuesday, employees of unfunded agencies likely will miss their second straight paycheck.

Best Dates To Retire in 2019

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It’s time for our annual look ahead at the best dates to retire in the next year. As always, your retirement coverage under the Civil Service Retirement System (including CSRS Offset) or the Federal Employees Retirement System (including transfers to FERS) will be an important factor in choosing the best date.

CSRS

Some of the best dates to retire for CSRS employees occur when the end of the month (or one of the first three days of the month) coincides with the end of a leave period. This allows a final leave accrual (remember, annual leave is paid in a lump sum after you separate) and also ensures that the day after your separation is the first day you begin accruing CSRS retirement benefits.

The best dates for CSRS in 2019 that will allow a retirement at the end of the month (or within the first three days of a month) and also at or near the end of a leave period will be Jan. 3, Feb. 1, March 1, March 30, Aug. 2, and Aug. 31. Jan. 3, 2020, would also work, because it’s within the 2019 leave year.

The following dates would also work for CSRS, but would not earn a final leave accrual since they are not at the end of a pay period: May 3, May 31, June 30, July 3, Sept. 3, Oct. 3, Oct. 31, Nov. 1, Nov. 30, and Dec. 3.

FERS

All immediate, optional FERS retirement benefits start the first day following the month of retirement. This means, for example, that regardless of whether you retire on Oct. 1, 2, 15, or 31, your first FERS retirement benefit will be paid on Dec. 1 for the month of November. Your salary will cease on the last day of your federal employment. If your goal is to have your retirement benefit begin in October, then Sept. 30 would be the best date for you. FERS employees should focus on choosing a date at the end of the month, even if it is a Saturday or a Sunday, since these days can be included in the computation of service credit.

Retiring at the end of a leave period can be good, even though your salary will stop on that date and your retirement won’t start until the first day of the following month. This is because you will be paid your salary for the days that you worked during that last month, which could be more valuable than the retirement benefit you would forfeit. Because the benefit is computed very differently under FERS than CSRS, be sure to consider the tradeoff of salary for retirement benefit when you are choosing an end-of-leave-period retirement date that isn’t near the end of the month.

Also, remember that your payroll office pays your salary two weeks behind and the Office of Personnel Management may take a few months to process your retirement application. So your first retirement payment may not arrive on the first day of the month. You may receive several interim retirement payments from OPM until your claim is finalized and monthly payments begin.

Leave Considerations

Is it important to you to receive a large lump sum payout of your annual leave? If the answer is yes, the end of the leave year is the time to plan your departure. FERS employees who have a substantial amount of creditable service would benefit from a Dec. 31, 2018 or Dec. 31, 2019 departure and CSRS employees might choose Jan. 3, 2019 or Jan. 3, 2020. Although this won’t be the end of the leave year, it will allow 25 leave accruals and receipt of your first retirement benefit for the month of January (payable on Feb. 1).

If maximizing your lump sum annual leave payout is not that important to you, then remember you will be paid for your accumulated and accrued annual leave regardless of the exact date you retire.

Are you ready to explore some specific dates in 2019? Follow the link Below to Request your Free Federal Retirement Review and we will also send you the

Second Furlough Notice and Another Missed Paycheck Appear Likely for Shutdown Feds

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Early next week will mark a new set of key deadlines in the partial government shutdown, with significant implications for the more than 800,000 affected federal employees.

By Monday, the shutdown will have dragged past the 30-day marker. That means the furlough notices most federal workers currently sent home without pay received on Dec. 21 will expire. Due to a quirk in federal statute, furlough notices can only last for a month. Most of the 300,000 employees still furloughed received a message at the start of the shutdown that read: “This furlough is not expected to exceed 30 days. Therefore, it expires on Jan. 21.”

According to guidance from the Office of Personnel Management, agencies should treat a shutdown passing the 30-day mark as resetting the clock.

“When the shutdown furlough goes beyond 30 days, agencies should treat it as a second shutdown furlough and issue another adverse action or furlough notice,” OPM said, which also clarified that reductions in force would not take place as part of any shutdown.

OPM did not respond to requests to confirm whether the second round of furlough notices would go out, whether it was coordinating those efforts with federal agencies or how the notices would be communicated to employees, instead referring questions to the Office of Management and Budget. OMB also declined to answer any questions, referring questions back to OPM.

Tuesday will bring another key day for federal employees, as multiple White House officials have said it is the deadline by which the government must be reopened to prevent feds from missing a second paycheck. In criticizing House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s, D-Calif., planned trip overseas to war zones—which has since been canceled after President Trump revoked the military aircraft Pelosi and the congressional delegation planned to use—White House Press Secretary Sarah Sanders noted that Pelosi was not scheduled to return until Tuesday.

“We want to keep her in Washington,” Sanders told reporters on Thursday. “If she leaves, she guarantees that the second round of paychecks to workers won’t go out.”

Most of the more than 800,000 federal employees affected by the ongoing shutdown are not scheduled to receive their next paycheck until Friday, Jan. 25, but federal agencies need a few days to certify time and attendance sheets and recall workers who process them. All employees, both those furloughed and those working due to exceptions and exemptions, are guaranteed back pay. Congress has also instructed agencies to make employees whole “at the earliest date possible after the lapse in appropriations ends,” regardless of the timing of the next pay period or when the next round of paychecks is scheduled to go out.

Federal employees first missed their paychecks on Jan. 11, a date many lawmakers in both parties initially saw as a key date and potential turning point. As it turns out, it yielded no developments.

The second round of furlough notices, and missed paychecks, is all but assured. Both chambers of Congress have canceled scheduled recesses for next week, but members of the Senate have largely left Washington, D.C., and no votes are scheduled. They have been put on notice, however, to stay available for a quick return if a deal to reopen government is reached. The House on Friday adjourned until Tuesday.

If you need to know some details on how you may get some penalty free loans to help offset until this gets put into the past, please reach out to us.

It’s Official: Furloughed Feds Will Receive Back Pay Once the Shutdown Ends

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Why Retirement Processing Takes So Long

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The busiest time of the year for retirement claims processing at the Office of Personnel Management is fast approaching. At the end of November, OPM had an inventory of 19,162 unprocessed retirement applications. This will most likely significantly increase over the next few months, because many federal employees plan their retirements at the end of the year in order to maximize their lump sum payout of unused annual leave.

The spike in end-of-leave-year retirements presents a number of challenges for retirement processing. According to a recent OPM inspector general report, the timely processing of initial retirement payments remains a challenge for the agency. OPM’s 2018-2022 strategic plan sets a target of achieving an average case processing time of 60 days or less. The agency’s Retirement Services unit appears to have met that goal in fiscal 2018, with an average of 59 days. But its claims backlog as of September was 17,628, more than 4.5 percent higher than at the same time a year ago.

According to the IG report, the steps Retirement Services is taking to address delays in processing include:

  • Continue to integrate improvements for correspondence and claims processing.
  • Enhance reporting tools to monitor and address Retirement Services workloads.
  • Use overtime to assist with timely processing.
  • Work with the agency’s chief information officer to explore new uses of technology to help improve processing and reduce wait times.
  • Provide monthly feedback to agencies and payroll offices and alert them of trends and improvement opportunities.
  • Identify training needs for agencies and conduct workshops on the retirement application process.

Once your retirement application is in the hands of OPM, there’s not much you can do but wait. But there are steps you can take beforehand to help ensure the process runs as smoothly as possible:

  • Double-check your application to make sure you’ve answered all of the questions on it. Complete your application electronically, if possible. OPM will not accept corrections in certain sections of the application form.  We will assist or completely fill this paperwork out and mail or email it to you.
  • Keep a copy of your completed application.
  • Be sure to complete the Marital Information and Annuity Election sections of the application. That applies whether you’re married, single, widowed or divorced. If you’re married, be sure to include a copy of your marriage certificate with your  application. If you’re divorced, you only need to include a copy of your court order or divorce decree if there was a portion of your retirement or survivor annuity awarded to your former spouse.
  • If you’re married and your spouse is waiving their right to the maximum spousal survivor annuity, be sure to have their signature notarized on the Spouse’s Consent to Survivor Election portion of the application.
  • If you’ve performed active duty military service, be sure you’ve included the documentation of your service and information related to military retired pay in Schedules A and B of the application.
  • Be sure to document that you’ve had five years of coverage under Federal Employees Health Benefits Program, especially if you were covered under your spouse’s FEHBP plan or you’re using coverage under TRICARE within five years of your retirement. According to an OPM training video, 20 percent of all retirement errors involve not documenting five years of FEHBP coverage.

For those of you who will be retiring from federal service in the next few weeks, let us be among the first to congratulate you and wish you a wonderful and rewarding life after government.

If you need any assistance on reviewing prior to separating, we do complete Federal Retirement Reviews, all the way from planning and preparing for your retirement, filling out retirement form packages, TSP rollovers, Pension Maximization, talk FEHP vs Medicare.  Contact Us to request your Retirement Review and Assistance today. 

How To Deal With Market Volatility with TSP When Close to Retirement

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This season’s market volatility can give any investor vertigo. But for those looking to retire in the next three to five years, the fluctuations are even more unsettling. CPA, author and retirement expert Ed Slott has some advice about what investors should be doing to protect themselves in these tumultuous times.

“As you get closer to retirement, income is more important than savings because savings — especially if they’re in the market — are not guaranteed, and savings can run out,” Slott tells Yahoo Finance.

“Short-term money has to be more secure. If you need the money on Thursday, you shouldn’t be in the market,” he says. “But if you need it in five or 10 years, then you can ride out a market correction like this.”

For investors close to retirement who do have money in the market, Slott urges caution. Overreacting to a declining market can put investors into situation known as a sequence-of-returns risk.

“If you’re pulling out money while the market is declining, you need to make a lot more money just to get back to even at double the rate and double the risk,” he says. “You can’t have dramatic reactions to something. It’s too much of a shock to the system,” Slott adds.

The best way for soon-to-be retirees to approach market volatility is with older conventional wisdom and walk away as soon as things have bounced back — even if it feels wrong to do so.

“When the market comes back, nobody wants to pull money out because it’s riding high,” Slott says. “That’s the time you might want to lock in some of those gains and pull it off the table and put it into a guaranteed income source,” such as annuities.

Last-minute retirement tips for the rest of 2018

With the year quickly winding down, there are still a few moves you can make to maximize your savings. Chief among them, according to Slott, is a Roth conversion, the process of moving money out of a conventional IRA into a Roth IRA and paying taxes now on the amount you convert.

“The last thing you want to think about is a tax maneuver while the market is declining, but there are three things happening now that make Roth conversions at year-end very favorable,” Slott says. “Number one, the market is declining so the values are lower. Tax rates are lower after the new tax law — they’re lower for most people — and you’re at the end of the year,” so you have a clear picture of your income and tax bracket.

“The benefit of paying tax now is that once it’s in a Roth IRA, it’s tax-free forever,” he says. You pay tax on today’s value, but if values are down, now is the time to strike. It’s like buying the taxes on sale.”

One key to keep in mind is that Roth conversions are not the same as IRA contributions — and they each have their own deadlines. While you have until April to make 2018 contributions to an IRA, Roth conversions for 2018 have to be completed in 2018 — meaning by Dec. 31.

Additionally, recent changes to the law have made Roth conversions permanent, so you have to be sure you want to move the money over since there are no do-overs.

To learn more on ways to safeguard your TSP account and for your free Fedeal Retirement Review to help you maximize all of your benefits, please contact us today. 

See Who Would Get Furloughed in a End of the Year Shutdown

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The federal government is about a week away from shutting down, though only about 41 percent of civilians report to agencies at risk of having their doors shuttered.

Congress has already allocated a majority of full-year spending, with President Trump signing legislation that accounts for 75 percent of annual discretionary appropriations. Those bills set line-by-line spending for the departments of Defense, Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, Energy and Veterans Affairs, among other agencies.

The departments of Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, State, Interior, Agriculture, Treasury, Commerce, Homeland Security and Justice, as well as other independent agencies, are currently operating under a continuing resolution set to expire Dec. 21. Those agencies will be forced to shut down after that date if Congress fails to act.

About 850,000 employees work at those agencies, and about 345,000, or 41 percent, of them would be subject to furloughs under a partial shutdown, according to the most recent data federal agencies have made available on their contingency planning. An update to Office of Management and Budget guidance during the Obama administration required agencies to refresh their shutdown plans at least every two years starting in 2015.

The plans vary significantly from agency to agency, with some enabling nearly their entire workforces to continue working because of the funding stream that pays their salaries or because their jobs are necessary to protect life and property. Other agencies, such as NASA or the Housing and Urban Development Department, would send home about 95 percent of their employees. Those working during a shutdown must go without pay until the government reopens, while furloughed workers are not guaranteed back pay at all. Historically, Congress has always taken action to provide those lost wages.

Some agencies have changed their plans drastically, following 2017 guidance from OMB Director Mick Mulvaney that instructed them to use “carry-forward funding” and “transfer authority” as much as possible to mitigate the impact of an appropriations lapse. Last year, for example, the Environmental Protection Agency planned to furlough 95 percent of its employees during a shutdown. This year, it will use unexpired multi-year and no-year funding to keep nearly its entire workforce on the job, sending home only a portion of the inspector general’s office.

Some agencies, such as the State Department, have updated their plans but have not spelled out exactly who would be furloughed. During the 16-day shutdown in 2013, State sent home just a few hundred of its 70,000 employees, but warned it would have had to add thousands to that list if the government had remained closed much longer.

Below is a chart detailing the furlough rates of every agency with more than 1,000 employees that would be subject to a shutdown come Dec. 21:

Federal Employees Continue to Retire in Greater Numbers Than in Previous Years

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Federal employees continue to file for retirement at an increased pace compared with recent years, continuing a trend that began more than a year ago.

According to statistics from the Office of Personnel Management, 7,510 federal workers filed for retirement in November. That figure is a 34 percent increase over the same month in 2017, when 5,572 employees retired.

In October, the number of retirement requests increased as well, although only slightly. That month, 9,012 federal employees filed for retirement, compared with 8,850 for the same period last year.

Statistics for the last two months suggest a continuation of the trend where increasing numbers of workers are leaving the civil service. Over the course of fiscal 2018, which ended on Sept. 30, retirements were up 24 percent from the previous year.

Federal workforce observers have long predicted a retirement wave. Currently, 14 percent of federal workers are eligible to retire, according to a July report, and that number is expected to increase to 30 percent within five years.

Despite the rising retirement numbers, OPM has for the most part kept the backlog of pending claims in check. Last month, the agency processed far more claims (8,077) than it did the previous November (5,138) or the previous month (6,911).

The existing backlog at the end of November was 19,162, a decrease from 19,729 in October. That is also below the total of 19,294 a year ago.

Now, the agency will prepare for the annual spike of retirements that occurs in January. At the beginning of 2018, OPM received 14,590 new claims, and the backlog peaked at 24,225 pending claims the following month.

If you are in need of assistance, let us help you prepare your retirement package for you after a complete Federal Retirement Review.  Contact Us Today.

Expanding Veterans Preference

On the policy front, OPM on Thursday published a rule in the Federal Register that expands who is eligible to be hired by the federal government under veterans’ preference standards.

The rule implements a provision of the 2015 Gold Star Fathers Act, which allows parents of a veteran who died overseas or is permanently disabled to be eligible for veterans’ preference hiring standards at federal agencies, provided the parent is unmarried, separated from their spouse, or if their spouse is also permanently disabled.

This measure permanently implements an interim rule issued by OPM in December 2016, although the language of that rule was partially altered to refer to parents, rather than “mothers.”

Some Secrets To A Financially Secure Retirement

By | Benefits, Federal Pay, Retirement, TSP | No Comments

What is the best way to ensure a comfortable and enjoyable retirement? This week, I thought I’d share some observations I’ve made over the years about employees who end up with the same (and sometimes even greater) income during their retirement years than while they were employed.

These folks have been planning for retirement throughout the beginning, middle and pre-retirement stages of the federal careers. I sometimes meet employees who tell me they remember me from a retirement planning class they attended 20 years ago.

For those covered under the Federal Employees Retirement System, the Thrift Savings Plan has played an important role. These people have learned how to invest for the long term and what it means to diversify their investments among the G, C, F, S, and I Funds—or used the L Funds to automatically shift their investments as their careers progress. They have learned to tolerate a certain level of risk in order to obtain maximum results by not reacting emotionally to swings in market conditions.

FERS employees who have successfully leveraged their TSP accounts tend to have several things in common:

  • Those in higher income brackets are saving the maximum in their TSP accounts. The maximum employee contribution for 2019 is $19,000 plus an additional $6,000 in catch-up contributions if you’re turning 50 or are already older than 50.
  • Those in lower income brackets are living with little or no consumer debt and have saved a minimum of 5 percent of their salary in the TSP.
  • In general, they haven’t borrowed from their TSP account—or if they have, they didn’t stop contributing while repaying their loan balance.

The TSP was designed to be an integral part of FERS, but many employees under the Civil Service Retirement System also have taken advantage of participating in the plan and putting away savings on a pre-tax basis. They now have a significant nest egg for retirement.

Successful planners who are married have considered the “what-if” situations about the future. For example:

  • They weigh the value and cost of the spousal survivor benefit election. This causes a reduction in your CSRS or FERS retirement of about 10 percent, but it can mean the difference between financial security and uncertainty for a surviving spouse.
  • They consider that a delay in claiming Social Security may be more important to a future surviving spouse than to a couple’s short-term need for income. You may have other options than taking Social Security as soon as you can: delaying retirement, taking larger TSP distributions while waiting to claim Social Security, or embarking on a second career for a few years after your retirement from government. The difference between claiming at age 62 and waiting until age 70 is a benefit that is about 75 percent larger for the rest of your life and possibly later to the life of your surviving spouse.
  • They’re wary of using life insurance as a substitute for a survivor benefit. Life insurance is very expensive to continue as a substitute for a survivor’s annuity. Life insurance also doesn’t carry a cost of living adjustment or a guaranteed lifetime payment stream. And life insurance is not protected under the spouse equity provisions of the law, so it can be canceled without spousal consent.

Single people who have successfully planned for retirement have considered the amount of income they will need for a retirement that could potentially last longer than their career. This means both adequate retirement savings and thinking about such considerations as the potential need for long-term care.

If you’re a single woman, you may have a longer life expectancy than your male counterparts, and you also may have had lower lifetime earnings. This could translate into a need to save diligently for retirement and become a savvy investor. You need to put yourself first to ensure your financial independence before helping others.

Those who have successfully managed the retirement preparation process have another thing in common: They’re realistic. They, may, for example, limit the financial assistance they provide to their children in retirement to protect their savings. And some of them find that working a little longer than they anticipated eases the future financial strain. Sometimes following the path to a comfortable retirement involves some hard choices.

Which ever category you may fall in, its always best to ask a Federal Benefits Consultant how you are doing and let us help guide you to make sure you are maximizing all of your resources properly. Request your Free Consultation today. 

TSP Finally Unveils Plans for Expanding TSP Withdrawal Options

By | Benefits, Federal Pay, Retirement, TSP | No Comments

The Thrift Savings Plan has until November to implement the 2017 TSP Modernization Act. That law will allow federal employees and retirees to make multiple age-based withdrawals from their TSP accounts and remain eligible for partial withdrawals after they leave government. Additionally, those who have left government would be able to make multiple partial post-separation withdrawals, and retirees will be able to change the amount and frequency of their annuity at any time, instead of only once per year.

Tanner Nohe, a project manager for the TSP, said the agency plans to have the law fully implemented by mid-September 2019. The project has caused officials to go beyond simply adding the functionality needed to implement the new law and instead “make some fundamental changes” to how withdrawals work, he said.

Under the new system, participants will no longer be forced to make a full withdrawal election—a choice between setting up annuity payments, taking a partial lump sum withdrawal, or a full lump sum payment—when they reach 70 and a half years old. That change will be retroactive, officials said.

“People on installment payments now, and [next year] they can come back and say, ‘I want to stop taking installments for a while,’” said Tee Ramos, director of participant services.

Nohe said his team is coming up with three new forms to help participants make use of the new flexibilities, including one that allows participants to change the amount and frequency of their annuity payments at any time. The agency is also doing away with a policy that suspends a participants’ contributions to their TSP accounts for six months if they take a hardship withdrawal.

“You can change your monthly installment payments currently only during [a fall open season period],” Nohe said. “But in the future, you can choose between monthly, quarterly and annual installment payments, and changes can be made to that at any time during the year.”

TSP officials said they plan not only to provide new flexibilities to participants, but make it easier to make use of those flexibilities. Nohe touted the fact that there will be four new “wizards” on the TSP website to help federal employees and retirees go through the various new processes.

“Right now, our wizards are just form fillers, but [next year], they will be more dynamic,” he said. “It can tell what’s in your account, and ask if you want to take [withdrawals] out of your Roth distribution or your traditional account. It’ll understand what you have so it can suggest what distribution you can take . . . It will take you from start to finish in your withdrawal.”

The first phase of implementation, focused on installment payment maintenance and removal of the withdrawal selection deadline, is slated to go into testing within the next two weeks, Nohe said. The public rollout of the new features is slated to occur on Sept. 15, although TSP officials will begin communicating with participants about the coming changes next February.

»To get the best federal retirement assistance and ideas about your benefits, request your free Federal Retirement Review.

Choices You Have During Open Enrollment Season

By | Benefits, Retirement | No Comments

There are a few ways to simplify the open season chore so it doesn’t become an overwhelming task. There are tools on the Office of Personnel Management website you can use to understand your options, identify your needs and narrow your choices to the best plan at the best price for you and your family. These include both an OPM-generated plan comparison tool and a link to the Consumer’s Checkbook Guide to Health Plans for Federal Employees. Many agencies pay for employees to have access to this tool.

To make the best use of any of these tools, it helps to know the meaning of key terms in the health insurance world. Let’s look at some of the most important.

Deductible: The amount you must pay before your insurance plan will pay a claim. In most cases, when you use network providers, you will not have to pay a deductible for preventive care services.

Copayment: The amount you’ll pay for your share of health care services or prescription drugs.

Coinsurance: The percentage amount you’ll pay for covered health care services or prescription drugs.

Catastrophic Limit: The most you will pay out of pocket for covered health care services and prescription drugs. Most plans have a higher catastrophic limit when you use out of network providers or facilities. Not all expenses are included in this limit.

Preferred Provider Organization: A network made up of health care providers who have agreed to provide covered services at reduced cost. You can find a provider list on your plan’s website. PPO networks are more extensive in some areas than in others.

Participating Providers: To complicate matters, some local plans also contract with other providers that are not in their PPO network. They are referred to as participating providers or member facilities. They have agreed to accept a different negotiated amount than PPO providers as payment in full. They will also generally file your claims for you.

Fee-for-Service Plans: Also known as indemnity plans, all of these in the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program have PPO networks. When you visit a PPO you usually won’t have to file claims or paperwork. When you use non-PPO providers, you may have to file your claims with your plan. The plan will then pay the benefits to you and you must pay the provider. When you need medical attention, you visit the doctor or hospital of your choice. This approach may be more expensive for you and require extra paperwork. To choose the best FFS plan for you and your family, it is a good idea to pay attention to the PPO network providers and facilities to make sure they are located conveniently for you and your family members.

Health Maintenance Organization: Members of an HMO are required to choose a primary care physician to take care of most of their health care needs. With many HMO plans, you will need a referral to see a specialist unless the plan offers open access. There are many HMO plans in FEHBP that offer a wide range of health care services through a network of regional providers who agree to supply services to members. The drawback to most HMO plans is you have no coverage for services when you use out of network providers. HMOs have the reputation of being more restrictive than traditional fee for service plans, but don’t rule out an HMO as an option. Many have qualities that make them more flexible and operate more like fee for service plans than you might imagine.

Point-of-Service Benefits: This refers to covered services you can receive from an out-of-network provider. But beware: You might have higher out-of-pocket costs than you would from in-network providers.

Consumer Driven Health Plan: These plans offer a savings account to pay your initial health care costs before you incur out of pocket expenses. They have a higher deductible than a typical FFS or HMO plan. These plans allow you to establish separate flexible spending accounts to cover your deductibles, copayments and coinsurance costs once you have exhausted the money in your health fund. They generally have lower premiums and can be a wise choice for those in good health.

High Deductible Health Plan: This is a type of a CDHP that has a high deductible and includes either a health savings account or a health reimbursement account to help cover your out of pocket expenses. HDHPs in FEHBP provide a “premium pass through,” meaning the plan will contribute a portion of the premium to your HSA or credit your HRA account. This is similar to the health fund or medical account associated with CDHPs, but if you choose not to use the money in the account, it can stay there for use in future years.

Health Savings Account: This is a place to put away money for health care expenses under an HDHP. You can contribute tax-free dollars to your HSA in addition to receiving contributions from your health plan through a premium pass through.

Health Reimbursement Arrangement: Like an HSA, an HRA is an employer-funded tax-sheltered fund to reimburse allowable medical expenses for those enrolled in an HDHP. But you can’t contribute additional tax-free dollars to an HRA. OPM has additional information on how HRAs work.

Flexible Spending Account: A Health Care FSA is used to pay for eligible medical, dental, and vision care expenses that aren’t covered by your health plan or elsewhere. A Dependent Care FSA is used to pay for eligible dependent care services. The money you contribute to an FSA is not subject to payroll taxes. Retirees are not eligible for FSAs.

Limited Expense Flexible Spending Account: If you’re enrolled in a high-deductible health plan and have an HSA, you’re eligible for this type of account, which can be used to cover eligible out of pocket dental and vision expenses.

Dental and Vision Plans: If you think you are paying to much for your Dental and Vision plan, you probably are.  On the average most will spend anywhere from $450-$600 per month for a dental/vision plan, but did you know their are some plans out there that would cost you $185-$229 per year for some really great benefits?

To request more information about any of the topics we talked about or to help you plan for retirement, please Contact us today to schedule your free consultation.

CSRS Offset and Social Security Calculating Your Pension

By | Benefits, Retirement | 3 Comments

Over the last few years, I have been getting more and more questions about CSRS Offset and its relationship to certain Social Security rules, such as the Windfall Elimination Provision (WEP) and Government Pension Offset (GPO). This uptick in questions is likely because those who fall under CSRS Offset are at the cusp of retirement.

This article is written for those who fall under the CSRS Offset system. Others may find it interesting, if not applicable to their specific situation.

A person is covered under CSRS Offset if they:

  • Had five or more years of creditable civilian service as of 12/31/1986 (the day before FERS).
  • Had a break in service of over 365 days.
  • Were rehired following a break in service at any time after 12/31/1983 (the day before all newly hired federal employees must have been covered by Social Security).

Individuals under CSRS who fit the above definition should have been given a choice of electing FERS or choosing CSRS Offset upon their return to federal service. CSRS Offset employees, like FERS employees, must have Social Security taken out of their federal salary. When a CSRS Offset person retires, they get a regular CSRS pension until they reach the age of 62. At age 62, their CSRS pension is reduced (offset) by the value of the Social Security that they earned while covered under CSRS Offset. If they retire at age 62 or over, the offset takes place immediately upon their retirement.

The offset will take place even if they choose not to apply for their Social Security.

The reduction is determined in all but a few situations by dividing the number of years of CSRS Offset service by 40 and applying the resulting fraction to one’s age 62 Social Security benefit.

Debbie is a CSRS Offset retiree who, when she retired, had 20 years of CSRS Offset service. She is receiving a CSRS pension of $60,000 per year. Her Social Security benefit at age 62 will be $12,000 per year. Here is how the offset to her pension will be calculated:

  • The 20 years of CSRS Offset service is divided by 40, giving a fraction of ½ (50%).
  • The reduction to Debbie’s CSRS pension is 50% of her Social Security benefit, or $6,000 per year. This reduces her pension to $54,000 per year.
  • Assuming Debbie applies for her Social Security at age 62, she will receive the entire $12,000 per year Social Security benefit.
  • Debbie’s benefit will consist of her reduced CSRS pension ($54,000 per year) and her Social Security ($12,000 per year) for a total of $66,000 per year.
  • Debbie, like most CSRS Offset retirees will receive more money at age 62 if she applies for her Social Security

In the example above, Debbie had 20 years of CSRS Offset service where Social Security was being taken out of her federal salary. This fact may result in her Social Security being subject to a reduction from the Windfall Elimination Provision.

The Social Security System has a need-related twist in the computation formula that is designed to replace a much greater portion of a low wage earner’s income than that of the high wage earner.

CSRS employees, and others who have earned a retirement benefit based on work that was not covered by Social Security, are likely to have many years in their Social Security earnings record where they had little or no employment covered by Social Security. They would look like a low wage earner to the Social Security system, even though they had been working at a good job and earning a pension the entire time.

Debbie, in our previous example, had at least ten years of CSRS coverage where she was not having Social Security taken from her federal salary. Unless she has at least 30 years of “substantial earnings” in Social Security covered employment, her Social Security benefit will be reduced by the WEP.

Social Security benefits are based on your lifetime earnings. The following is how they are computed in 2016.

  • Your lifetime earnings are indexed for inflation.
  • The highest 35 inflation indexed years are added together.
  • The total is divided by 420 (the number of months in 35 years) to arrive at average indexed monthly earnings (AIME)
  • AIME is multiplied by:
    • 90% x the first $856
    • 32% x $857 to $5157
    • 15% of the amount over $5157

If you are affected by the WEP, the multiplication factor for the first “bend point” above will be less than 90%. How much it is reduced depends on how many years of substantial earnings you have under Social Security. If you have 20 or fewer years of substantial earnings (like Karen) your benefit will be computed using a 40% factor. For years over 20, the factor increases by 5% a year until it reaches the full 90% after 30 years. This Social Security Factsheet on the WEP has a chart on what constitutes substantial earnings.

At the time this article was written, Social Security had not updated the publication for 2016. Due to the fact that there was no COLA on Social Security benefits for 2016, there was no increase in the amount that is considered substantial earnings.

Your Social Security Statement does not take the WEP into account. There is a WEP calculator on the Social Security website that can be used to determine how (or if) the WEP affects your Social Security.

Back to Debbie and her situation. We’ll assume that the 20 years of CSRS Offset service she has are her only years of substantial earnings under Social Security and that she is fully affected by the WEP. The $12,000 per year estimated age 62 benefit from her Social Security Statement will not be what she is entitled to receive because of the effect of the WEP. The maximum reduction that the WEP can cause is $5,136 per year. As Debbie will, unfortunately, be subject to the maximum reduction, her annual Social Security benefit will be reduced to $6,864 per year. In calculating her Offset (under the CSRS Offset retirement system) the WEP is applied first and then the Offset is applied. Here’s a re-calculation of her benefits using a Social Security benefit that is reduced by the application of the WEP.

  • The 20 years of CSRS Offset service is divided by 40, giving a fraction of ½ (50%).
  • The reduction to Debbie’s CSRS pension is 50% of her Social Security benefit, or $3,432 per year. This reduces her pension to $56,568 per year.
  • Assuming Debbie applies for her Social Security at age 62, she will receive the entire $6,864 per year Social Security benefit.
  • Debbie’s benefit will consist of her reduced CSRS pension ($56,568 per year) and her Social Security ($6,864 per year) for a total of $63,432 per year.
  • She still comes out ahead.

It is unlikely that the Government Pension Offset will affect Debbie (or most CSRS Offset employees for that matter). The GPO reduces (usually eliminates) any Social Security benefits to which you would be entitled based on the earnings of another (i. e., spousal or survivor benefits). CSRS Offset retirees are exempt from the GPO once they have spent five years covered by CSRS Offset.

TSP Funds Took a Nosedive in October

By | Benefits, Federal Pay, TSP | No Comments

Nearly all of the funds in the federal government’s 401(k)-style retirement savings program tumbled last month, mirroring a month of volatility in the financial markets.

The Thrift Savings Plan’s G Fund, which is made up of government securities, was the only portfolio in the black in October, gaining 0.26 percent. That brings its total 2018 earnings to 2.38 percent.

The S Fund, composed of small- and mid-size businesses, lost the most value last month, falling 10.06 percent. That brought the portfolio 0.30 percent into the negative since January. The international stocks of the I Fund fell 7.94 percent in October, bringing its 2018 losses to 8.92 percent.

The common stocks of the C Fund lost 6.84 percent last month, although the fund remains 2.98 percent in the black for 2018. And the fixed income (F) Fund fell 0.78 percent in October, bringing its losses so far this year to 2.26 percent.

All of the lifecycle (L) funds, which shift investments into more stable portfolios as participants get closer to retirement, lost value last month. The L Income Fund, for those who have already started withdrawing money, lost 1.40 percent; L 2020, 2.24 percent; L 2030, 4.60 percent; L 2040, 5.54 percent; and L 2050, 6.35 percent.

Since January, the L Income Fund has grown 1.52 percent; L 2020, 1.21 percent; and L 2030, 0.12 percent. The L 2040 Fund has fallen 0.35 percent this year, and the L 2050 is down 0.74 percent.

Get your Free Federal Retirement and TSP Review Today.  Sign up here.

Federal Officers Association Asks OPM to Roll Back 2016 Annuity Change

By | Benefits, Federal Pay, Retirement | No Comments

A group representing the federal law enforcement community last week sent a letter to acting OPM Director Margaret Weichert asking her to roll back an Obama administration decision to change how payments to divorced retirees are distributed to them and their former spouses.

The Federal Law Enforcement Officers Association, which represents more than 27,000 federal law enforcement professionals across 65 agencies, blasted a 2016 OPM decision to grant a “marital share” of the Federal Employees Retirement System Retiree Annuity Supplement to a retiree’s ex-spouse if the retiree is subject to a state divorce decree. Before that decision, the agency would only grant that share based on the basic annuity.

The retiree annuity supplement is the money that is paid to retirees who are not yet eligible for Social Security, which kicks in at age 62. Many law enforcement positions force officers to retire at 57. For decades, the supplement was not subject to a court-ordered marital share because OPM considered it to be a Social Security-type benefit, and thus not part of a divorce agreement.

“This policy change constituted an unwarranted reinterpretation of a 30-year old provision of the FERS statute and, more importantly, has caused real financial harm to federal law enforcement and other retirees for the more than two years that it has been enforced by the agency,” wrote association National President Nathan Catura.

In addition, the association said that OPM has applied the policy retroactively, leading to many officers suddenly owing money to the government to send to former spouses.

“[In] the more than two years since it implemented this revised policy, OPM has applied its reinterpretation retroactively and with little to no regard for the financial harm it has inflicted on retirees,” Catura wrote. “It has created individual retiree debts due to the federal government of as much as $28,389.96 (that we are aware of)—debts for which OPM has sought repayment in the form of prospective and retrospective assessments from annuitants’ retirement benefits.”

The decision to apply marital share to the annuity supplement has drawn criticism from both Congress and an agency watchdog. Sen. James Lankford, R-Okla., wrote in May that the policy change could constitute a violation of the Administrative Procedures Act, and the OPM Inspector General issued a report in February questioning the manner in which the policy was changed outside of the traditional rule-making process.

“OPM did not provide any public notice that it now considers the annuity supplement to be allocable and that, as a result, OPM will now apply the state court-ordered marital share to the annuity supplement, even when the state court order refers to the basic annuity only,” the IG wrote. “[OPM’s] new policy has been causing immediate financial disruption to annuitants. Moreover, OPM’s new policy improperly changes previously litigated final state court orders without notice to annuitants.”

OPM did not respond to a request for comment, but it disagreed with each of the findings of the IG report and suggested the report could jeopardize pending cases before the Merit Systems Protections Board. In April, the MSPB overturned a decision in which OPM sought to collect $24,000 in debt from a retired air traffic controller related to the policy change.

“As Sen. Lankford, the OIG, and MSPB have concluded, this policy change was implemented in a clandestine fashion without any regard for the court-ordered and previously-litigated provisions of the specific divorce settlements of affected retirees,” Catura wrote. “Instead, retirees and their former spouses only learned of OPM’s actions when their annuity payments changed, in some cases years after the parties had divorced and a state court had ordered a former spouse’s marital share.”

*To Learn more about your retirement benefits and what is best for you, request your free retirement consultation by visiting our contact us page.

Federal Retirees to Receive BIGGEST COLA Boost in Years

By | Benefits, Federal Pay | No Comments

Federal retirees will receive a cost-of-living adjustment of 2.8 percent in their benefits next year, the largest increase in more than a decade.

The boost—which applies more broadly to recipients of Social Security benefits—comes on top of a 2 percent boost in 2018. That increase came after a couple of years of very low percentage COLAs. The 2017 increase was only 0.3 percent.

The annual COLA is based on the percentage increase in the average Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) for the third quarter of the current year over the average CPI-W for the third quarter of the last year in which a COLA became effective.

The 2.8 percent increase applies to retirees under the Civil Service Retirement System. Those under the Federal Employees Retirement System will receive 2 percent. FERS employees only receive the full percentage increase if it is less than 2 percent. If the change is 2 percent to 3 percent, FERS retirees get 2 percent. And if the increase is 3 percent or higher, FERS retirees receive 1 percentage point less than the full increase.

“CSRS retirees and Social Security recipients will be pleased to see their benefits increase by 2.8 percent in 2019, the largest increase since 2012,” said Richard Thissen, president of the National Active and Retired Federal Employees Association. “Unfortunately, hundreds of thousands of FERS retirees will be wondering why they are only receiving a 2 percent COLA when the relevant measure of consumer prices increased by 2.8 percent.”

“It is past time for Congress to ensure FERS retirees receive a full COLA each year,” Thissen added.

Tony Reardon, president of the National Treasury Employees Union, said, “As retired federal employees welcome the increase in their monthly pensions in 2019, it’s a good time to remind them and all future retirees that such routine cost-of-living adjustments cannot be taken for granted. The administration has not given up its plan to eliminate COLAs for federal employees who retire through the Federal Employee Retirement System, and severely cut them for those in the Civil Service Retirement System.”

The new COLAs will take effect starting with federal retirees’ December 2018 benefits.

Now for those wanting to retire soon and take advantage of this full COLA for 2019, must be retired by October 31, 2018.  Give us a call Today, or contact us and learn more about this and how we will help you.  You may still have time.

THE USPS Announces New Changes for 2019

By | Retirement | No Comments

The Postal Service has just announced price changes to take effect next year.

The USPS governors approved the proposed changes, which will be reviewed by the Postal Regulatory Commission (PRC) before they take effect Jan. 27. The governors believe these new rates will keep the Postal Service competitive while providing the agency with needed revenue.

The changes, if approved by the PRC, include a 5-cent increase in the price of a First-Class Mail Forever stamp from 50 cents to 55 cents.

The single-piece additional ounce price will be reduced to 15 cents, so a 2-ounce stamped letter, such as a typical wedding invitation, will cost less to mail, decreasing from 71 cents to 70 cents.

The changes include adjustments to other Mailing Services products, as well as Shipping Services products.

Here are the current and proposed prices:

  • First-Class Mail letters (1 ounce): 50 cents (current), 55 cents (proposed)
  • First-Class Mail letters (additional ounces): 21 cents (current), 15 cents (proposed)
  • First-Class Mail letters (metered 1 ounce): 47 cents (current), 50 cents (proposed)
  • First-Class Mail outbound international letters (1 ounce): $1.15 (no change from current price)
  • First-Class Mail domestic postcard stamps: 35 cents (no change from current price)
  • Priority Mail small flat-rate box: $7.20 (current), $7.90 (proposed)
  • Priority Mail medium flat-rate box: $13.65 (current), $14.35 (proposed)
  • Priority Mail large flat-rate box: $18.90 (current), $19.95 (proposed)
  • Priority Mail Army/Air Post Office and Fleet Post Office large flat-rate box: $17.40 (current), $18.45 (proposed)
  • Priority Mail regular flat-rate envelope: $6.70 (current), $7.35 (proposed)
  • Priority Mail legal flat-rate envelope: $7 (current), $7.65 (proposed)
  • Priority Mail padded flat-rate envelope: $7.25 (current), $8 (proposed)

Overall, the proposed prices would raise Mailing Services product prices by approximately 2.5 percent.

Shipping Services price increases vary by product. For example, Priority Mail Express prices will increase 3.9 percent, while Priority Mail prices will increase 5.9 percent.

Although Mailing Services price increases are based on the consumer price index, Shipping Services prices are primarily adjusted according to market conditions.

USPS filed the proposals with the PRC Oct. 10. The complete price filings are available on the PRC’s site under the Daily Listings section, and price change tables will be available on the Postal Explorer site.

The Postal Service’s news release has more information.